Marie Curie

1867 – 1934

Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize twice for her work with radioactivity—a term that she coined. Not understanding the adverse health effects of these materials she routinely carried test tubes around in her pockets which led to an early death from cancer. As it glowed, radium, her first discovery, was later used in the production of beauty products. The Radium Girls were female factory workers who died due to exposure to the substance while painting clock faces.